70 Years of growth, 70 Years of development, 70 Years in photos, below. Happy National Holiday!
On October 1, 1949, the founding ceremony was held.
On May 1, 1950, the first law of new China - the Marriage Law was formally implemented. The law abolished feudal marriage and introduced new democratic marriage systems.
On May 1, 1951, on Labor Day, the first national emblem of new China was put on Tian An Men.
On July 1, 1952, the first railway built by new China - Chengdu Chongqing railway was opened to traffic. This is the first railway in China that is entirely designed and built by Chinese, including all materials and components.
Beginning in 1953, new China began to implement its first five-year plan which marked the full start of China's modernization.
On September 20, 1954, the first session of the first National People's Congress adopted the constitution of the people's Republic of China, the first constitution.
In September 1955, the Beijing Department Store on the Wangfujing street opened. This is the first large-scale retail department store invested by the state and known as "the first shop in New China".
On July 13, 1956, the first car in New China, the Jiefang Truck, ended in the history of China's inability to build cars.
In October 1957, Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge was open to traffic. It is the first bridge built on the Yangtze River after the founding of new China. It is also the first railway and highway dual-use bridge in China.
On March 17, 1958, China's first domestically produced television, the Beijing TV set was made. Since then, TVs have begun to enter thousands of households.
On April 5, 1959, at the 25th World Table Tennis Championship, Rong Guotuan won the men's singles championship, which was the first world champion in Chinese sports history.
On October 1, 1960, China signed the Border Treaty between the People's Republic of China and the Federal Government of Myanmar, which is the first border formally between China and its neighbors since its founding.
In 1961, Shanghai Jiangnan Shipyard built the first 10,000-ton hydraulic press in New China, ending the history that China could not manufacture large machinery.
On May 22, 1962, the first Chinese film "Hundred Flowers" award ceremony was held in Beijing. Cui Wei and Zhu Xijuan won the best actor and actress award.
In January 1963, Chen Zhongwei, a Shanghai doctor, successfully replanted a severed forearm for a young worker and shocked the international medical community.
On October 16, 1964, China successfully exploded its first atomic bomb and became the fifth nuclear-armed country in the world.
On September 17, 1965, Chinese scientists successfully synthesized crystalline bovine insulin. This is also the first synthetic protein in the world.
On August 10, 1966, the first rural cooperative medical system pilot project appeared in China. Cooperative medical care is a creation of Chinese farmers. The World Health Organization calls rural cooperative medical care the "only model of solving health expenditure in developing countries".
On June 17, 1967, China's first hydrogen bomb exploded successfully, and China became the fourth country in the world to master the technology of hydrogen bomb.
On January 8, 1968, the successful completion of the first self-designed and built 10,000-ton ocean-going ship, the Dongfeng, opened the curtain for large-scale construction of ships in China.
On October 1, 1969, Beijing opened the first subway in New China, Metro Line 1. At present, the total mileage of China's MTR exceeds 5500 km, and its operation scale ranks first in the world.
On April 24, 1970, China's first man-made satellite, Dongfanghong-1, was successfully launched, creating a new era in China's space history.
On October 25, 1971, the twenty-sixth session of the United Nations restored China's legitimate seat in the United Nations. This is a major event in China's diplomatic history.
On February 21, 1972, President Nixon landed at Beijing Airport and extended his hand to Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai, who came to greet him. This was a handshake between "the world's largest developing country" and "the world's largest developed country".
In 1973, Yuan Longping bred the "Oriental Magic Rice" - the first generation Indica Hybrid rice, which greatly increased China's grain production. Yuan Longping is therefore regarded as the father of Hybrid Rice by international agronomic circles.
In 1974, Chinese scientists and technicians designed and developed the first generation of battle tank, which helped China's tank production to be self-developed.
In September 1975, Wang Xuan, a teacher of Peking University, used a unique method to store precise Chinese characters into a computer for the first time, opening the door for Chinese characters to enter the computer age.
In 1976, Zhao Zisen, academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering, pulled out China's first quartz optical fiber in Wuhan, which opened a new era of optical fiber digital communication in China.
At the 1977 National Conference on Education, Professor Cha Quanxing was the first to advocate the resumption of college entrance examination and praised for it.
In December 1978, 18 farmer families in Xiaogang Village of Fengyang, Anhui Province, signed the contract of "all-round contract" and opened the pioneer of China's rural household contract responsibility system, Xiaogang Village is therefore called "the first village of China's reform".
The first Chinese civilian that drank Coca-Cola. It was taken on March 30, 1979 by a photographer named James, who brought Coca-Cola into China.
On December 11, 1980, Zhang Huamei, a 19-year-old Wenzhou girl, received No. 10101 of the Industrial and Commercial Certificate, a special business license from Wenzhou Bureau of Industry and Commerce. She became "China's First Individual Business Household".
In 1981, the Chinese women's volleyball team won the first world championship.
On January 1, 1982, the Central Committee promulgated the first Document No. 1 - "Summary of the National Rural Work Conference". It formally recognized the legitimacy of "contract-to-household".