China's Birth Rate Declines for 8th Consecutive Year

By Billy Jiang

Recent data released by China's National Bureau of Statistics has revealed significant demographic trends across the country for the year 2023, highlighting a notable decline in the birth rate and natural population growth.

According to the latest statistics, China recorded a total of 9.02 million births in 2023, marking a continued decline in births since 2016. 

The total number of births in China each year since 2016:
  • 2016: 18.83 million
  • 2017: 17.65 million
  • 2018: 15.23 million
  • 2019: 14.65 million
  • 2020: 12.02 million
  • 2021: 10.62 million
  • 2022: 9.56 million
  • 2023: 9.02 million

The country's natural population growth rate stood at -1.48 per thousand, indicating two consecutive years of negative population growth.

READ MORE: China's Population Shrinks for 1st Time in 61 Years

By the end of 2023, China's total population reached 1.40967 billion, showing a decrease of 2.08 million compared to the previous year. 

READ MORE: China's Birth Rate Continues to Decline

Among the provinces, Guangdong stood out with its population statistics. 

According to the Guangdong Provincial Bureau of Statistics, the province recorded 1.03 million births in 2023, marking the fourth consecutive year it has exceeded one million births, and maintaining its status as the leading province in terms of total births for six consecutive years. 

Guangdong also reported a birth rate of 8.12 per thousand, ranking among the highest in the country.

Analyzing the data from all 31 provinces, municipalities, and autonomous regions, 11 regions experienced positive growth in their permanent resident populations in 2023:

  • Beijing

  • Guangdong

  • Guizhou

  • Hainan

  • Jiangsu

  • Ningxia

  • Shanghai

  • Tianjin

  • Tibet

  • Xinjiang

  • Zhejiang
Notably, Hainan emerged as a surprising contender with its rapid population growth. 

In 2023, Hainan's permanent resident population reached 10.43 million, marking a growth rate of 1.58%, the highest in the nation. 

This growth underscores Hainan's progress in establishing its free trade zone and enhancing its overall attractiveness.

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[Cover image via Pixabay]

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