What China Plans to Achieve in 2020

The year 2020 looks to be a marvelous one for China, as the country has set a series of targets to ensure a successful conclusion to its 13th Five-Year Plan and success in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects.

Poverty Alleviation

By 2020, the state is committed to ensuring that the impoverished rural population has stable access to adequate food and clothing, compulsory education, and basic medical services and housing, and the per capita disposable income of those in impoverished regions will be double that in 2010.

Indices of major basic public services are expected to be close to the national average levels. In addition, the country is also committed to ensuring that the rural population living below the current poverty threshold and all impoverished counties are all lifted out of poverty; and to solving the problem of regional poverty.

In the next year, the country will witness an obvious growth in the education capability of impoverished regions, and the basic public education services in these regions are expected to reach national average levels.

By 2020, at least one county-level public hospital will be built for each impoverished county, at least one standardized hospital will be built for each township and at least one clinic will be built for each administrative village.

By 2020, garbage in over 90 percent of impoverished counties will be properly disposed of, and over 85 percent of toilets in rural regions will be made sanitary.

By 2020, basically every household in rural China will have access to digital radio and television services, and 98 percent of registered impoverished villages will be covered by broadband internet services.

Pollution Control

By 2020, 23.04 percent of Chinas territory will be covered with forests, and the countrys forest growing stock will reach 16.5 billion cubic meters.

By 2020, the emission of sulfur dioxide and nitric oxide will be reduced by at least 15 percent, and chemical oxygen demand (COD) and ammonia nitrogen emission by at least 10 percent, compared with in 2015.

By 2020, the carbon dioxide emission per unit of GDP will be reduced by 18 percent from that of 2015.

By 2020, total coal consumption will be controlled to within 4.2 billion tons.

By 2020, the total capacities of hydraulic, nuclear, wind and solar power generation will respectively reach 350 million kilowatts, 58 million kilowatts, 200 million kilowatts and 100 million kilowatts. Meanwhile, the consumption of nuclear power, wind power, solar energy and biomass energy will account for over 8 percent of total energy consumption.

By 2020, the air quality of cities at and above the prefectural level will be good or excellent for 80 percent of the year.

By 2020, the annual production of pure-electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles will reach 2 million, and a total of 5 million will be sold.


By 2020, the number of students receiving higher education will be raised to 38.5 million, and the gross enrollment rate will stand at 50 percent.

By 2020, a number of universities and disciplines will be developed into world-class ones, and a number of disciplines will be in the leading position among world.

By 2020, all students from economically-challenged families will receive subsidies.

Medical services

By 2020, Chinas total population will be controlled at around 1.42 billion.

By 2020, the average life expectancy will reach 77.3 years.

By 2020, a basic healthcare system that covers all rural and urban residents will have been established, offering basic healthcare services for all.

By 2020, a hierarchical medical system will be developed.

Elderly Care

By 2020, Chinas Urban Employees Basic Old-Age Insurance and the Pension System for Urban and Rural Residents will cover 90 percent of the population, and basic medical insurance will cover more than 95 percent of people.

By 2020, over 35 percent of Chinas comprehensive hospitals above Grade II level will establish geriatric departments.

By 2020, cities above county-level will each build at least one university for the elderly.

Science & Technology

By 2020, all prefecture-level cities will be covered by 5G networks.

By 2020, China will have completed the 35-satellite Beidou navigation system and launched services for global users.

By 2020, China will become an innovative country and rank among the top 15 countries in the world regarding innovation capability.

By 2020, China will have launched its first Mars exploration lander.

By 2020, China will have delivered its large passenger airliners and new regional passenger airliners.

By 2020, China will be able to independently produce over 70 percent of major important materials, completing the transition from a major material producer into a major power in this regard.

Source: People's daily

Editor: Crystal H

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