2021-02-22 19:00


North Korean Lunch with a Side of Propaganda at Pyongyang Resto

By Sophie Steiner

Most people dont put a North Korean restaurant on the top of their must-visit list C whether its because they think the food will pale in comparison to its South Korean counterpart, or that its morally wrong to pay for a meal that goes directly into Kim Jong Uns pocket. These chain restaurants, owned and operated by the North Korean government, are most often overlooked. 

Image by Sophie Steiner/That's

Image by Sophie Steiner/That's

However, we stopped into a Pyongyang restaurant as an opportunity to experience a slight glimpse into the uncanny culture, food and people hailing from one of the most secretive countries in the world C without actually visiting the place. 

Image by Sophie Steiner/That's

Pyongyang Korean Restaurant is part of a chain of roughly 130 restaurants spread across 12 Asian countries (the majority of which are in China) that are fully owned and ran illegally C according to the UN C by the North Korean government. 

UN Resolution 2375, passed in September 2017, prohibits the operation of all joint ventures or cooperative entities, new and existing, with [Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea] entities or individuals, whether or not acting for or on behalf of the government of the DPRK.

However, Shanghai still has three branches associated with the Hermit Kingdom C one in Gubei, a district known for its concentrated Korean and Japanese expat population, and two in Pudong.  

Image by Sophie Steiner/That's

Upon entering, we were greeted by women wearing hanbok (traditional Korean dresses), with high-pitched, cartoon-like voices that you would expect to see coming out of Japanese anime, and C unnervingly C large smiles to match. 

There are many staff, all women, who seem to look after each other, in both meanings of the phrase C a mix of support and monitoring. The Pyongyang waitresses are supposedly chosen for their language skills and appearance C one that compliments coordinated outfits. We saw no male staff during the entirety of our visit. 

Image by Sophie Steiner/That's

Image by Sophie Steiner/That's

Not surprisingly, there are many No Photography signs, despite the bland, beige dcor. Surprisingly, these signs are rigorously enforced. Food photos are allowed C yet eyed warily C but photos of the staff, space or even the menu: a definite no. Photos taken discreetly, however, arent forcibly deleted. 

Image by Sophie Steiner/That's

The menu itself is thick, with images of most items and names of dishes listed in Korean and Chinese. No spoken or written English is available. We opted for a set menu for RMB1,888 for six people that includes many of their famous dishes. As portions are large, if you want to sample more, dining with a group is a must. 

Image by Sophie Steiner/That's

Image by Sophie Steiner/That's

The food arrives in abundance, course after course adorned with elaborate decorations like carrots made into roses, swans carved from ginger, and watermelon and apples sliced into geometric patterns C each carving different from the other tables, alluding to some serious knife skills that align in quality with other talents we would witness later.

Image by Sophie Steiner/That's

The food overall is hearty, full-flavor and ideal for cold winter nights C grilled meats, bubbling stews, steamed vegetables, sizzling hot plates, pungent kimchi and assorted pickled and fermented banchan (side dishes) cover every inch of the table. 

Image by Sophie Steiner/That's

Flavors tend to be milder than in South Korea, but that isnt to say the food is flavorless. In fact, the opposite; the cuisine is similar to food eaten across all of unified Korea 80 years ago, before Western influences invaded the Seoul palate. 

Dishes like tteokbokki slathered in gochujang sauce, Korean fried chicken and open-flame, modern Korean BBQ that we now associate with South Korea came to be staples in the last 70 years as South Korea opened itself up to global influence in cuisine, language and culture. 

Image by Sophie Steiner/That's

However, the food of North Korea is rustic, sharing similarities with that of Manchuria, Northern China and Russia, resulting in more savory, sour flavors paired with traditional cooking techniques. Rice, or in our case, cold noodles, are typically served at the end of the meal with soup as a filler rather than something to be enjoyed.

READ MORE: I Spent a Week in North Korea with Dennis Rodman

Being in Shanghai, after all, the portions were enough to feed double the number of people we had, so a filler wasnt necessary, and both the cold noodles (naengmyeon in Korean) C a Pyongyang signature dish that is so famous it even has a song written about it C and the soup, were two of our favorites. 

Image by Sophie Steiner/That's

Similar to South Korea, kimchi is eaten with most meals, but the traditional cabbage version we ate here is sourer and spicier, with a thinner sauce than we are used to. Following the banchan nibbles, a cooked vegetable salad and a raw vegetable salad with thinly sliced duck filled the table, soon shadowed by a heaping platter of fresh salmon and surf clam sashimi. 

Image by Sophie Steiner/That's

Seared tofu cubes topped with a milder version of gochujang preceded a large tray of expertly grilled BBQ meats C fatty pork belly, thick cut beef, lamb chops cooked like tenderloin steak and two kinds of bulgogi, meant to be wrapped in lettuce leaves and drizzled with sauce before devouring. 

Image by Sophie Steiner/That's
Image by Sophie Steiner/That's

Image by Sophie Steiner/That's

Steamed Pyongyang matsutake mushrooms C known for being the most flavorful mushrooms in all of Korea C symmetrically line an aluminum packet that is sliced open tableside to release their umami aroma directly into your nostrils.

A sizzling hot plate of baby squid and shitake mushrooms is overlooked for another serving of kimchi dumpling hotpot that tastes like the perfect marriage of South Korean kimchijjigae and Russian sweet and sour prakas soup. 

Image by Sophie Steiner/That's

This restaurant also has Taedonggang beer, the most famous of North Korean beers, in stock. However, its on the expensive side for a Tsingtao-quality level of brew, at nearly RMB70 for a small bottle and RMB76 for a glass on draft

Image by Sophie Steiner/That's

The servers speak perfect Mandarin, only when spoken to C but also Korean with our fellow South Korean diners C who explained that the language itself is the same between the two countries, but the tone and vocabulary used in North Korea is more formal. 

The standard of service is high, full of courteous smiles, with borderline uncomfortably attentive waitstaff that serve dishes so efficiently that sometimes food just appears on the table without you noticing before they have already disappeared again.

READ MORE: The Communist Divide: Cruising the China-North Korea Border

Though friendly, the servers are not looking to chat or answer questions. Little is known of their lives, but its generally believed that they have minimal contact with the world outside of the restaurant and that they are closely monitored and discouraged from meeting with non-North Koreans. 

Many of the servers are chosen from higher class families, making them less likely to flee the regime. Though there are exceptions C like when 13 staff fled from a North Korean restaurant in Ningbo in 2016, ending up in South Korea.

Image by Sophie Steiner/That's

Like the exuberant flair coming out of the kitchen (both carving and cooking), the same level of overachievement is displayed in the talent show-esque performance that diners enjoy mid-meal. 

All North Korean restaurants are known for these pageantry-filled song and dance presentations that are hosted by the same North Korean waitstaff, but with even bigger smiles plastered so far across their face that it looks borderline painful. 

Image by Sophie Steiner/That's

The presentation is held in Chinese, with songs in both Korean C like Pangapsumnida C and Chinese C like There Would Be No New China Without the Communist Party. 

Red Detachment of Women, Image via avax.news.com

We also witnessed a violin solo to We Will Rock You, a saxophone jazz rendition of Last Christmas and a tap dance performance that eerily resembled that famous postcard of the Mao-era Red Detachment of Women Chinese ballet performance sans the rifles. These are excessively over-skilled performers for a lunch show at a semi-random restaurant in Gubei.

Image by Sophie Steiner/That's

After the 25-minute performance concluded for the main hall, the cast moved to a private room where they presented the entire show again for a group of just five people who we can only assume hold some clout... but we could be wrong. 

Image by Sophie Steiner/That's

The restaurant, that can seat roughly 100 people, is part of a system of businesses that are known for both their North Korean fare but also for allegedly relaying intelligence back to the Kim Jong Un regime. A report by Chosun, a South Korean newspaper, recently estimated that between RMB650,000-1,950,000 is funneled back to the North Korea government every year from each one of these restaurants, with the largest demographic of spenders being South Koreans and other foreigners C a peculiar way to experience the DPRK while simultaneously, and somewhat inadvertently, supporting its existence. 

Image by Sophie Steiner/That's

The meal ended with tri-colored glutinous rice cakes, a New Years traditional Korean dish where eating one of all three colors will bring the consumer good luck in the coming year. As we munched our peanut, red bean and green tea-flavored dessert, stroked our bursting bellies and recounted the spectacle of a performance we had just experienced, we were left wondering C did we just enjoy lunch with a side of propaganda? 

Here is a summary of the food and beverages we consumed, typical of most North Korean restaurants. A la carte options are also available. 


1. [Song-i beoseot gu-i]: Grilled matsutake
2. [Yeon-eo bukbang joggae hwe]: Salmon & northern clam sashimi
3. [Tong kimchi]: Whole kimchi
4. [O-saek namul]: Five-colored vegetables
5. () [O-li hunje namse (naeng-i) muchim]: Tossed vegetables with smoked duck
6. [Jonghap bulgogi]: Assorted bulgogi (beef)
7. [Dubu gu-i]: grilled tofu
8. [Sekki yang galbi gu-i]: grilled lamb chop
9. [Jaengban naengmyeon]: cold noodles on a tray
10. [kkolttugi gu-i]: stir-fried beka squid (baby octopus)
11. [Kimchi mandu jeongol]: Kimchi dumpling hotpot
12. [Youchae beoseot bokkeum]: canola herb and mushroom stir-fry
13. [Samsek gyeongdan]: three-colored rice cake
14. [Kkot gannang bokkeum]: stir fried flower baby cabbage
15. : fruits


1. [Daedonggang maekju]: Daedonggang beer
2. [Bae yuja cha]: Pear citron tea

Pyongyang Korean Restaurant

[Cover image by Sophie Steiner]

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